Category: Scholarly Annotations

The Communist Manifest – Marx and Engels

Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto. New York: Barnes & Nobel Classics, 2005. Print. In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels argue that while the whole of history is the story of class struggle, that the current struggle of our time is that between the working class (proletariat) and the owners and means of production (bourgeois).

Powers of Horror – Kristeva

Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982. Print. In Powers of Horror, Julia Kristeva addresses the role of abjection in literary theory and in the realm of the psychosocial. Defined by Kristeva, abjection occurs as a response to a threatened breakdown in meaning caused by the loss of the distinction between subject…

Of Time, Passion and Knowledge – Fraser

Fraser, Thomas. Of Time, Passion, and Knowledge. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univerity Press, 1990. Print. In Of Time, Passion and Knowledge J.T. Fraser discusses the function of time in relation to the arts in the eleventh chapter entitled “Arts, Letters, and the Beautiful.” In this chapter, Fraser examines how these aesthetically beautiful arts have the capacity to roam freely

Reassembling the Social – Latour

Latour, Bruno. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print. In Reassembling the Social, Bruno Latour argues that the use of the word “social” by social scientists or sociologist has come to wrongly describe something stable that can be used to describe a phenomenon

How We Became Posthuman – Hayles

In the introduction to her book, How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics, Katherine Hayles states “Here, at the inaugural moment of the computer age, the erasure of embodiment is performed so that ‘intelligence’ becomes a property of the formal manipulation of symbols rather than enaction in the human life-world” (xi). Yet, Hayles contests the notions…

“Why is Let’s Plays So Huge?” – Warren

In “Why is Let’s Play So Huge?” Jamin Warren explains why Let’s Play have become so popular. First, Warren outlines some of the stats on just how big Let’s Plays are. PewDiePie, the most popular Let’s Player has not only more subscribers than any other Let’s Player but more than anyone else at all on Youtube (over 12 million subscribers…

Time and Narrative – Ricoeur

Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. Print. In Time and Narrative, Paul Ricoeur details how time is an essential component of every narrative. Furthermore, he argues that “time becomes human to the extent that it is articulated through a narrative mode, and narrative attains its full meaning when it becomes a condition of temporal existence” (52).…